Medication is usually the first course of action for treating trigeminal neuralgia. While medication won’t fix blood vessel abnormalities that are the underlying cause of trigeminal nerve compression, it can help reduce the frequency and severity of nerve pain episodes. Anticonvulsive drugs and muscle relaxers are the most common medications used for this purpose.
Trigeminal Neuralgia Surgery
Some vascular disorders causing trigeminal nerve compression may not need treatment. Treating the symptoms and monitoring the abnormality may be sufficient. However, more serious neurovascular issues like an arteriovenous malformation or an arteriovenous fistula can put you at risk for stroke or heart failure. In these cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to treat the nerve compression and reduce the risk of a medical emergency.
Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia
Microvascular decompression is a procedure that separates the abnormal blood vessel from the trigeminal nerve. This minimally invasive procedure is extremely effective at relieving nerve pain, facial spasms and other symptoms associated with trigeminal neuralgia. At the AdventHealth Neuroscience Institute, we offer both endoscopic and microscopic microvascular decompression for you and the people you love.
Brain Stereotactic Radiosurgery
If your neuralgia is caused by a brain tumor, your doctor may discuss the option of radiosurgery with you. Radiosurgery uses highly focused beams of radiation to treat tumors in the brain. Also called Gamma Knife® technology, this completely noninvasive technique doesn’t involve a knife, scalpel or any type of incision. The treatment targets tumors with unsurpassed precision. We’re the only medical facility in Central Florida using this leading-edge treatment.